Micah Mandate

The Magazine of the J.V. Morsch Center for Social Justice at Trevecca Nazarene University.

PBS Documentary showcases hidden part of Nashville

Posted by admin February - 6 - 2015 - Friday ADD COMMENTS

By Bailey Basham

A PBS documentary aired last week on sex trafficking which included a lengthy report on trafficking in Trevecca’s neighborhood.
As part of a three-part PBS documentary series, New York Times op-ed columnist Nicholas Kristof explored the issue of sex trafficking in the U.S. which brought him to Murfreesboro Road.
The series, A Path Appears: Turning Oppression into Opportunity for Women Worldwide, focuses on investigating the struggles women face in the United States and abroad in regards to sex trafficking and profiles the individuals working with the victims to create effective solutions.
“We wanted to take a closer look at the efforts being made for the victims to escape and rebuild their lives,” said Kristof in A Path Appears while reporting on Murfreesboro Road.
The first episode of the three-part series aired on Jan. 26 and uncovered one of the harshest forms of gender-based oppression and human rights violations currently being faced in the U.S.
Shana Goodwin, a survivor of the Nashville sex trafficking ring who tells her story on the documentary, remembers first being sold to a pimp by her mother when she was just 12 years old.
“My grandfather was my trafficker when I was a little bitty girl. You can look at trafficking in any sense that you want to, but really it’s a manipulator” said Goodwin in the documentary.
Like many others, Goodwin was a victim of sexual abuse when she was very young.
“The women who come into the program share a common story, and the story goes something like their first rape between the ages of 7-11, and on average, they hit the streets between 14 and 16 years old,” said Becca Stevens in the documentary, founder of Magdalene and Thistle Farms in Nashville. “All of these women carry the issues of sexual violence on their backs. The roots are in trafficking, and the roots of trafficking are in vulnerability and childhood trauma. It’s all connected.”
One woman Kristof interviewed shared that she didn’t realize what was being done to her was wrong.
“It happened so much that it seemed natural, like it was supposed to happen. When your mom is teaching you stuff, you just assume that it’s right,” said Sheila McClain in A Path Appears.
Actress, activist, and victim of sexual abuse Ashley Judd investigated alongside Kristof for much of his time with Goodwin on Murfreesboro Road.
“I think shedding the shame of child abuse is the fulcrum to speak openly and confidently, giving the toxic shame back to the perpetrator; getting it externalized and putting it back where it belongs,” said Judd in the doucmentary.
One major issue in the alleviation of the problem is that many people aren’t aware of how seriously it is plaguing their own communities.
“It’s interesting to me that trafficking is an issue that is predominantly under the covers. Much of the general public doesn’t know much about it at all. Out of sight, out of mind,” said Ron Maurer, professor of social work and organizer of last semester’s sex trafficking seminar, Current Issues in Human Traffickng: Policy and Treatment.
Goodwin drove Kristof and Judd around Murfreesboro Road, pointing out the hotels she frequented and stopping a couple of times to talk to pimps waiting for the women to return with their money or to check on the women that were working.
“When I was out here [Murfreesboro Road], I had every kind of client: pillars of the community, everyone from A-Z. I would stay down around the hotels because you can get the men who are coming in from out of town,” said Goodwin in the documentary. “And then there’s the famous Drake Motel. Home of the stars?” She laughs. “Home of the drug dealers and prostitutes.”
Raising awareness, educating the public on what sex trafficking is and how the women become involved, and helping make connections to local support and treatment organizations is crucial, said Maurer.
“One part of the issue is that there are a number of people that don’t see the women as innocent victims the way they see the children [that are being trafficked] as being innocent victims,” said Maurer. “People think ‘Well they’re adults, they can make their own choices and decisions, they could just get out of that lifestyle.’ They the victims are the ones responsible for being trafficked.”
As a part of the series, Kristof not only worked to uncover the injustices at play in regards to sex trafficking in Nashville, but also to shine a light on resources and organizations for women who find themselves to be victims of trafficking.
Founded in 1997 by Becca Stevens, an Episcopal priest on the campus of Vanderbilt University, Magdalene is a two year residential community for women who have survived trafficking, prostitution, and addiction. This local organization provides housing, food, health care, counseling, and educational and job opportunities free of charge for women who were victims to sex trafficking.
Thistle Farms is a bath and body product company that is fully operated by graduates of the Magdalene program. While working at Thistle Farms, graduates learn skills in manufacturing, marketing and sales, and administration that they can continue using in the workforce.
Goodwin and McClain are now graduates of the Magdalene program and are working for the Magdalene and Thistle Farms team.
“I’m just grateful. Every night when I lie down in my bed, I think of those nights of sleeping under a bridge. I never want to forget. My next thought is that there’s still a girl under there now. I feel it in my gut – the desire to help the woman who is still out there,” said Goodwin on the Thistle Farms blog.
Episode 1Episode 2, and Episode 3 are available on the PBS website until February 17th.

Current Issues in Human Trafficking: Policies and Treatment

Posted by admin December - 2 - 2014 - Tuesday ADD COMMENTS

By Bailey Basham

On Friday, Nov. 14th, Trevecca students, local professionals, and members of the Nashville and Middle Tennessee communities gathered in the Boone Convocation Center at Trevecca Nazarene University for a conference on human trafficking.

“Current Issues in Human Trafficking: Policies and Treatment” was designed to bring local agencies together to educate students, practitioners and members of the public on human sex and labor trafficking as a local issue rather than something that only happens in faraway places.

“This is a real issue, not some fictitious thing in a book. This is a real problem, and it’s happening to real people, right here in our community,” said Ron Maurer, director of the social work department.

Trevecca partnered with  End Slavery Tennessee to raise awareness on the issue and what resources exist in Nashville to help.

“Being in Nashville gives Trevecca access to different agencies and government bodies to connect and work with. We hope to work with those agencies to integrate more into the community and let the Nashville area see that Trevecca really cares,” said Maurer.

The conference was divided into two sections: the first covered laws and policies, and the second dealt with therapy practices and treatment for victims.

Educating social workers and local agencies on the issue and how to handle current cases is crucial in the relief of the problem.

“The majority of the time, it’s the social service workers that are identifying these cases of sex trafficking,” said Peabody College research analyst Jill Robinson.

In 2011, 85 counties in Tennessee reported at least one case of human trafficking.  In Davidson County more than 100 cases of minor trafficking were reported in the same year.

Founded in 2011 by Assistant District Attorney Antoinette Welch, The Hannah Project is a program that provides resources and education opportunities for women who have been victims of human trafficking. With about 10 opportunities per year for these women to participate in the program and almost 800 women in the past three years, Welch said that Nashville is serving as a model for the rest of Tennessee.

“It’s really easy to convince yourself that it doesn’t happen in Nashville, but it does. This is a reality,” said Welch.

Similar to the Hannah Project in regards to an educational opportunity for those involved in human trafficking, Nashville’s John School is a program that focuses on sharing the stories of the victims and how they are affected by their experiences in the trafficking circuit with the men who were arrested for solicitation.

“The goal is to shock them with the facts. After that, we hope that they will be informed enough to teach their sons and educate their brothers. They need to know that this is not okay,” said Welch.

In the courtroom, the fight against human trafficking looks a little bit different.

While the numbers of victims and cases of trafficking in Nashville are very large, seldom is there a professional who is willing to take on the prosecution of these crimes and work toward a conviction.

Immigration attorney Dawn Gerhard spoke at the conference about how, oftentimes, those coming to the states from different countries can be victims of human trafficking without even realizing it.

“There is no such thing as domestic violence in some cultures because it is the job of the man to make sure the woman is obedient; some don’t know what’s being done to them is wrong,” said Gerhard. “It’s the job of people like me to be aware of the resources and services to help them.”

Participants said they learned a lot.

“The conference was really eye opening on what human trafficking currently looks like and how we are beginning to stop it by intervening with victims, offenders, and potential offenders as well as educating the community on the issue,” said junior social work major Annah Hite.

Current Issues in Human Trafficking: Policies and Treatment

Posted by admin November - 14 - 2014 - Friday ADD COMMENTS

By Bailey Basham

Trevecca Nazarene University is partnering with End Slavery Tennessee to host a training workshop on human trafficking in Nashville.

The community is invited to join the conversation Friday, Nov. 14 in Boone Convocation Center.

The goal of the program “Current Issues in Human Trafficking: Policies and Treatment” is to serve as a catalyst to create dialogue both on campus and in the community, to raise awareness for the issue, and to educate students, community members, and professionals on the policies and treatment concerning human trafficking.

Speakers at the workshop will include Jill Robinson of Vanderbilt University, Matt Dixon of the Metro Police Department, Antoinette Welch from the District Attorney’s office, intervention specialist Sheila McClain, Lizedny De la Rosa of End Slavery Tennessee, and founder of Freedom’s Promise, Amber Barron.

To reserve your place at the workshop, register here. This event is free for all Trevecca students, $10 for all non-TNU students, and $35 for professionals looking to earn CEU credits.

Social Justice Club educating students at Trevecca

Posted by admin October - 26 - 2014 - Sunday ADD COMMENTS

By Bailey Basham

The social justice club at Trevecca Nazarene University is working toward bridging the gap between issues in social justice and Christian-oriented solutions.

The club is made up of about 25 students from all disciplines who share a common passion: to enact social justice where justice is due.

Previously known as the International Justice Mission Club, the name was changed as the focus of the club was broadened, said Jamie Casler, Director of the J.V. Morsch Center of Social Justice.

“The purpose of the club is mainly to educate students, make them more aware of social justice issues, and to engage them in social justice opportunities for service,” said Taylor Flemming, social justice major and member of the club’s leadership team.

In the past, the club has worked to organize events that educated on issues like slavery, immigration, human trafficking, homelessness, HIV/AIDS, and the water crisis in Africa.

This semester, it is the hope of the club and leadership team to participate in the End It movement to raise awareness for the nearly 27 million men, women, and children that are trapped in slavery and to provide students with involvement opportunities by way of film forums, guest speakers, clothing drives, and service projects.

“We want to try to educate students on issues that are often neglected or forgotten about. There is still so much injustice, and we want to get students thinking about it,” said Flemming.

Rev. Gabriel Salguero speaks at the annual social justice conference.

By Emily Mowry

On the last day of Trevecca’s annual Social Justice Conference, the speaker gave attendees a reason to go home.

Rev. Gabriel Salguero, pastor of the Lamb’s Church of the Nazarene in Manhattan, challenged conference participants to begin the work of justice by listening in their communities.

“The first job of justice workers is to listen,” Salguero told attendees. “Because to respond to a challenge that is nonexistent… or to defend where the devil is not attacking, is to become an ally of the devil.”

Salguero, as president of National Latino Evangelical Coalition, has spent hours listening to immigrants as he’s led efforts to welcome and care for the 52,000 immigrant children who have poured across U.S. borders this year.

His work with the coalition focuses on poverty, immigration, and education and landed him an invitiation over the summer to meet with President Barack Obama at the White House to discuss how the should respond to immigration issues.

His advice?

“To learn is to invite people in. To invite people in churches, have listening sessions, have dialogues, have forums,” he said.

He suggested bringing in immigrants and undocumented students at Trevecca and giving them a chance share their stories.

Just before Salguero spoke, he was presented with the J. V. Morsch Center for Social Justice Award. Each year the center gives this award to someone who has been a catalyst for social justice. Jamie Casler, director of the center, explained his reasons for choosing Salguero this year.

“He is an outstanding model of biblical social justice, someone I’d like our students to look up to and to follow in his footsteps,” Casler said.

A Summer of Social Justice

Posted by admin April - 29 - 2013 - Monday ADD COMMENTS

By Brennen Finchum


Summer is a season of freedom for many students. Some students go on mission trips, some work, some play video games and others go to the beach. No matter where students may find themselves, they still have an opportunity to engage in social justice. Even at the beach, even while working and even while playing video games.


We contacted many of Trevecca’s beloved professors in the social justice program (with the addition of Dan Boone, university president) and asked them a question: “What is a practical way that students can engage in social justice this summer?” Here are their responses.


Dan Boone, University President – Find a high school student who seems to have a calling to social justice. Mentor the student and recruit him/her to the Trevecca social justice program. You may shape a lifelong servant for the work of God.


Dean Diehl, Instructor, Music business – Buy Local—support small businesses!  Go into economically depressed areas in your hometown and support locally-owned businesses in those areas. 

Small, locally-owned and operated businesses keep jobs and dollars in the local community.  Large chain stores siphon money and jobs away from local communities and require poor workers to spend more time commuting and less time with their families.  Even if you have to pay a little more to shop at these stores, it is worth it!  Stop paying the huge cost of everyday low prices!


Chris Farrell, Professor, Biology – “Have anyone call and catch me.”


Don Kintner, Professor, Psychology – Ride your bicycle to an urban neighborhood you have never been to before, wherein a majority of the people who reside there do not look like you, and/or you have heard unflattering reports about and therefore shunned (even in your automobile).

Hang out in the neighborhood’s haunts and nodes and restaurants. Talk to the people who live and hang out there. Listen to their stories and share your own.  You will find that there is very little difference in your struggles and hopes and dreams!


Kathy Mowry, Associate Professor, Mission & Christian Education – Summer is a time for sweet tea, icy Coke or iced coffee!   In America, we spend so much discretionary money on cold drinks in the hot months.

I would love to challenge students to become familiar with a huge need in the world: the problem of Gender-Based Violence in Kenya and beyond. Join the Facebook group for the Kenya Gender Based Violence Project. Learn about what they are doing to change the lives of women in that corner of the world.

Consider giving up all purchased drinks for the summer.  Drink from your reusable water bottle, and save all the money you would have spent on beverages to send to this project (or another project that motivates you). Drinking water heals your body, and it will bring healing to others.


Leroy Pepper, Associate Professor, History & Political Science – Do something to help provide clean drinking water for people in under-developed nations (donating to Blood:Water Mission is easy: www.bloodwatermission.com). Spend at least a day or two working with Habitat for Humanity in your locality.  Volunteer for at least a day or two at a local food pantry or kitchen for the homeless. “And the King will answer them, ‘Truly, I say to you, as you did it to one of the least of these my brethren, you did it to me’” (Matthew 25:40).


Joy Wells, Associate Professor, Sociology & Social Work – My suggestion is to look for a way to “be present” with someone that is “under the radar” like a senior adult, person with a disability, etc. and periodically spend time with them. Much can be learned from simple steps.


Laurie Woods, Assistant Professor, Sociology & Criminal Justice – My suggestion is for students to visit places of worship of other faiths, particularly Muslim mosques, in order to better understand the people we serve. We need to understand where others come from instead of judging them.

Plans change for Castanea

Posted by admin February - 1 - 2013 - Friday ADD COMMENTS

By Brennen Finchum


Jason Adkins and the Castanea community have changed their plans a little since the project began in 2010.


Originally, the group planned on restoring an apartment complex located at 12 Garden Street in which they could live side by side with men and women transitioning out of homelessness and cycles of poverty.

The Castanea Community Center at 12 Garden Street. (Photo by Jordan Taylor)


Castanea wanted to invite people in to be a part of their community by living life alongside them, sharing in prayer and meals.


“We started out as an intentional community, and we’ve become more and more unintentional as we’ve gone along,” Adkins, environmental projects coordinator, said. “It feels like the right thing to do.”


Now, they are going to only be purchasing one half of the complex. There will be four condominiums in their half and each will go to a different family within the Castanea community.


They aren’t abandoning their dream of working with people who can’t afford to live in healthy housing, however.


In fact, Adkins believes that their ideas of turning the property into an urban garden and farm, along with loving their neighbors, are still possible even though they won’t own the whole complex.


This is because the other half is being bought by Urban Housing Solutions (UHS), an affordable housing provider in Nashville.


UHS received a grant from the state, specifically targeting environmentally friendly building to create affordable housing around Nashville, including Chestnut Hill.


The Castanea group hopes to sell one half of the apartment complex to UHS for $50,000 – $60,000, which will cover the final costs of their side.


“If it’s [sold for] anything less, it’s gonna jeopardize the project,” said Adkins.


The only thing that remains a question for Adkins is whether or not the actions of Castanea are going to actually be beneficial to the Chestnut Hill community.


“We could see the neighborhood actually become very racially and economically homogenous,” said Adkins. “As you fix up a place, you make it a target for investment.”


With UHS’s system, only candidates who qualify for affordable housing will be allowed to move into their units. This guarantees that people who really need the housing will be able to get it.


With the presence of UHS, the residents of the left half of 12 Garden Street will be unknown to Castanea until they meet.


Published with permission of TrevEchoes

Trevecca calls for fast after showing Flow the Film

Posted by admin November - 13 - 2012 - Tuesday ADD COMMENTS

By Brennen Finchum

While many people hold the belief that bottled water is more pure than tap water, a documentary showed more purification is done to tap water.

Earlier this week, Trevecca held a video screening of “Flow,” a documentary about the world’s growing privatization of water, questioning ‘Can anyone really own water?’.

“Watching that film, at the end of it, I feel like I’ve come out of a fist fight,” said Jason Adkins, environmental projects coordinator.

The screening was hosted in partnership with Blood:Water Mission, an organization that is fighting HIV/AIDS and water crisis in Africa, and the J.V. Morsch Center for Social Justice.

The film said the United Nations estimated it would take about $30 billion dollars to provide clean water for the entire world, while Statistics Brain estimates the annual sales of bottled water alone is $15 billion.

In many situations, the solution to this crisis doesn’t require the world’s wealthiest people to save the day.

“In many places what we need is not a billion dollar answer, but a thousand dollar answer,” said one of the authorities in the film.

The film is aligned with beliefs that the social justice center holds about water and they are encouraging students to take action by trying a 30-day bottled drink fast.

In place of bottled drinks, students will drink tap water and can pledge to save all the money that they would have spent on the bottled drinks to give to Blood:Water’sprojects in Africa.

The film showed the injustices both in bottled water and tap water.

The only student response after the film was a question on what to drink instead of bottled water if tap water is an unjust system as well.

Mike Lenda, U.S. programs director for Blood:Water, responded by saying that replacing the bottled drinks with tap water is more about saving the money.

Another way to contribute to this fast and to save money is to use refillable water bottles like a Nalgene or CamelBak.

There are now black water taps around campus for students and faculty to refill their bottles.

“Water is a gift from God and should not be a commodity,” said Adkins.

The idea for the film began when Irena Salina, director, heard Robert Kennedy, Jr. talking about certain American industries that were polluting many rivers and waterways in America.

“I was shocked to hear that some of these free flowing contaminating agents often end up in the human body,” said Salina on the film’s website.

The film began with the intentions of covering the pollution and commercialization of water in the U.S., the access to water for poor people in other countries, the human rights issues in the whole thing and the celebrated spiritual aspects of water.

FLOW is asking people to sign the petition to adopt Article 31 into the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

“Article 31: Everyone has the right to clean and accessible water, adequate for the health and well-being of the individual and family, and no one shall be deprived of such access or quality of water due to individual economic circumstance,” quotes the Article 31 website.

Q&A with Shane Claiborne on Politics, Faith and Apathy

Posted by admin November - 7 - 2012 - Wednesday ADD COMMENTS

By Brennen Finchum


Tuesday was the first time most Trevecca students could vote for a president. The political power that students have was not limited to that one opportunity.


Students vote every day with the choices and decisions they make, according to Shane Claiborne.


Claiborne is a popular social justice activist and author of “Jesus for President” and “Irresistible Revolution.” He took some of his time to answer a few of Micah Mandate’s questions about politics, faith, apathy, and policy.

Photo pulled from The Simple Way


He started by talking about how he and The Simple Way, an organization that he co-founded, perceived their place in the political scheme.


The backdrop of everything is God’s Kingdom coming on earth.


Rather than endorsing any candidate, we’re asking them to engage.


Engagement is certainly not restricted to one day every four years. We vote every day with what we align ourselves. It’s how we live on November 7th and November 10th.


Rather than seeing voting as casting our vote for a new messiah, we’re actually to do damage control. We’re looking to try and minimize the impact of principalities and powers.


One of the things that we do is that we don’t wait on politicians to solve all of the world’s problems. We get that vision from scripture. “When I was a stranger, you welcomed me.”


The real question for us as Christians is what would it look like if Jesus is in charge?


With the early Christians, every time they were saying Jesus is Lord, they were saying Caesar is not.


How we live each day, in Philadelphia, there’s a whole new thing about welcoming immigrants and helping folks get documentation.


Photo pulled from The Simple Way

There’s 20,000 of us that are trying to help each other get our medical bills paid for each other.


Mother Theresa wasn’t just pro-life. She came alongside kids with teenage mothers. She became known as mother because of that.


To be pro-life in our neighborhood means what do we do when a 14-year old gets pregnant.


To love our neighbor as our self, it affects how we hold our possessions, etc.


I want to know how someone is proactive and how they are going to walk with people.



Students on campus don’t seem to be incredibly interested in this whole election process or politics in general. To some, it could seem apathetic, and to others, it seems like they just blissfully ignore politics. What do you think is really happening in this?


I think there’s a reason especially young people are dissatisfied. There’s a dropout rate from the elections of young people that’s astronomical.


One,  I think we remember the culture wars of our parents when it was as if there was only two issues that mattered: abortion and homosexuality.


When you’ve got two parties that are funded by corporations, for a Christian, you get really conflicted because there’s not a consistent ethic of life.


If you think of the Democratic Party, then you have the issue of abortion. If republican, then there’s militarism and capital punishment.


If you’re not voting for someone, you’re voting against someone.


I do think that some of those changes can start to come.


We’re spending $20,000 a second on militarism.


Neither candidate is really talking about decreasing the military budget. Young people are increasingly suspicious of that.


Maybe instead of blowing up the world 10 times, we could just blow it up 7 times.

There’s millions and billions of dollars going to a party race. You might as well just auction it off.


So after this whole movement of Jesus for President and learning about the politics of Jesus in theology class and having really thought through all of this, I think there are some people who really want to vote Jesus for President. But during this election time, it’s easy to get caught up in the chaos or we just feel conflicted by voting when we really just want to see the Kingdom of Heaven come down. What’s happening in our hearts when we just don’t know what to do with all of this?


I do think that one of the things that we need to ask is, “Is there a decision I can make on Election Day that I can move things closer to what Jesus wants?”


I’m not interested in dictating whether people should vote or how they should vote, but I do think we should take that decision seriously.


Rather than endorsing a candidate, we’re sort of asking them to endorse the values at the heart of the gospel.


I think we need to advise everybody and endorse nobody.


So many people, secular and Christian, are telling us to be educated and vote our convictions. What do you think is the best way for a Christian to approach this issue of ‘being educated’?


I think that we need to be in touch with the world that we live in. Barth said that we need to read the bible in one hand and the newspaper in the other.


We gotta be careful not to fall to that temptation [of trusting the government over God], but on the other hand, I think that we’ve got to be very balanced where is this the most important


Worrying our life around Jesus is the most important decision in our life.


The world gets changed through the ongoing effort that the church does every day.


What do you say is the place of a Christian university in terms of politics?


One, we should take advantage of the chance of creating robust conversation around things that matter. Especially Christian communities, we should be talking about things like immigration and the death penalty. These things matter. Jesus is talking about the real stuff about the world that we live in.


As we look at those things, that’s our framework for it.


We should disagree well. There’s stuff we can learn from conservatives and liberals. We need to model that in our academic institutions.


Also, what institutions can do is what Gandhi said, “Be the change you want to see in the world.” How do we get the log out of our own eye? How are we paying our workers? What’s our salary scale between our head administration and housing staff? How are we caring for the plot of God’s earth?


Here at Eastern [where he graduated from], we’ve tried to focus on using wind energy. That’s just one way we’re allowing the theology of creation care to take root.


We give out one scholarship a year calling it “The Simple Way” scholarship.


It’s [why people in poverty have a difficult time getting into college] often not anything to do with their smarts, but their resources, which is why a lot of our colleges end up being overwhelming white or middle class.

Photo pulled from thechristianmanifesto.com


Claiborne speaks in depth on some of these topics in his book “Jesus for President,” which

can be purchased from Amazon for about $3.

Environmental Sustainability Club

Posted by admin October - 10 - 2011 - Monday ADD COMMENTS

The Environmental Sustainability club kicked off the new school year with a peaceful hike.

Four members of the club dedicated to environmental stewardship spent a few hours in creation before coming back to campus to promote creation care.

“This is what we we’re made for. We’re not supposed to sit inside all day,” said Lyndsi Groves, president of the club.

The three-mile venture happened at Radnor Lake in Nashville.

Dr. Chris Farrell, Director of Medical Technology Program and Professor of Biology, said that the hike was “just to get [the students] out there.”

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